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Container Request Right-Sizing API

The container request right-sizing API provides recommendations for container resource requests based on configurable parameters and estimates the savings from implementing those recommendations on a per-container, per-controller level. Of course, if the cluster-level resources stay static then you will likely not enjoy real savings from applying these recommendations until you reduce your cluster resources. Instead, your idle allocation will increase.

The endpoint is available at

http://<kubecost-address>/model/savings/requestSizing

Parameters

Name Type Description
targetCPUUtilization float between 0 and 1 An amount of headroom to enforce with the new request, based on the calculated (real) usage. If the calculated usage is, for example, 100 mCPU and this parameter is 0.8, the recommended CPU request will be 100 / 0.8 = 125 mCPU.
targetRAMUtilization float between 0 and 1 Calculated like CPU.
window string Duration of time over which to calculate usage. Supports hours or days before the current time in the following format: 2h or 3d.
filterClusters string Comma-separated list of clusters to match; e.g. cluster-one,cluster-two will return results from only those two clusters.
filterNodes string Comma-separated list of nodes to match; e.g. node-one,node-two will return results from only those two nodes.
filterNamespaces string Comma-separated list of namespaces to match; e.g. namespace-one,namespace-two will return results from only those two namespaces.
filterLabels string Comma-separated list of annotations to match; e.g. app:cost-analyzer, app:prometheus will return results with either of those two label key-value-pairs.
filterServices string Comma-separated list of services to match; e.g. frontend-one,frontend-two will return results with either of those two services.
filterControllerKinds string Comma-separated list of controller kinds to match; e.g. deployment,job will return results with only those two controller kinds.
filterControllers string Comma-separated list of controllers to match; e.g. deployment-one,statefulset-two will return results from only those two controllers.
filterPods string Comma-separated list of pods to match; e.g. pod-one,pod-two will return results from only those two pods.
filterAnnotations string Comma-separated list of annotations to match; e.g. name:annotation-one,name:annotation-two will return results with either of those two annotation key-value-pairs.
filterContainers string Comma-separated list of containers to match; e.g. container-one,container-two will return results from only those two containers.

Savings Projection Methodology

The request right-sizing recommendation includes an estimate of the savings that can be realized by applying the request right-sizing recommendations. To calculate this estimation, we use each container’s and its parent controller’s (Deployment, CronJob, etc.) lifetime in window. We assume each container will run on the same node (and therefore have the same resource costs) it ran on historically; calculate the monthly rate for that container with the new, reduced resource requests; and then we scale that monthly rate by container lifetime in window / controller lifetime in window. Using the controller’s lifetime helps to avoid underestimating savings for recently-created controllers. If the container doesn’t have a controller (e.g. it is in a raw Pod) then the window duration is substituted for the controller lifetime.

This logic for estimation is making an assumption that the proportion of time that each container ran historically will be the same proportion of time it will run in the future projected month. We think this is an effective and easy-to-understand methodology.

Here are a few limited examples to illustrate the principle. Assume window=7d for all queries.

  1. A Deployment created 1 day ago whose Pods have not churned (restarted, etc.)

    Each of Deployment’s container’s lifetime will be the same as the controller’s lifetime, so the calculated monthly rate won’t need to be scaled down. In other words, the projected savings assumes each container under the Deployment will run for a whole month.

  2. A CronJob created 5 days ago which runs a single-container Pod for 1 hour, once a day

    Assuming the CronJob has run 5 times, there are 5 containers that have run (one for each Pod created by the CronJob). Each container’s raw monthly cost is scaled by 1 / 24 / 5.

  3. A 3-replica Deployment of a single-container Pod created a month ago whose container image was updated 2 days ago

    The 3 containers that were running pre-image update will have their projected monthly cost scaled by 5 / 7 and the 3 containers that were running post-image update will have their projected monthly cost scaled by 2 / 7.

Examples

KUBECOST_ADDRESS=http://localhost:9090

curl -G \
  -d 'targetCPUUtilization=0.8' \
  -d 'targetRAMUtilization=0.8' \
  -d 'window=3d' \
  ${KUBECOST_ADDRESS}/model/savings/requestSizing